Hardness Rating

WOOD SPECIESRATING
Red Maple950
American Cherry950
American Walnut1010
Northern Red Oak1290
American Beech1300
White Ash1320
White Oak1360
Hard Maple1450
Hickory1820
  • Red Maple
  • A fashionable flooring option with a subtle grain pattern similar to Hard Maple.
    Color: Sapwood ranges from pale to almost white. Heartwood is grey to pale reddish brown with characteristic dark streaks.
    Physical Properties: Red Maple offers great dimensional stability and is an excellent choice for custom staining. Not as impact-resistant as Hard Maple.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 950

  • American Cherry
  • Elegant, prestigious and stately. The presence of cherry in a home or office setting imparts feelings of elegance and exclusivity.
    Color: Highly praised heartwood varies from rich/deep red to reddish brown. Sapwood is white to light yellowish cream.
    Physical Properties: Very Stable, medium to low shock-resistance.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 950

  • American Walnut
  • Generally straight grained, but sometimes has a wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive appearance.
    Color: Highly praised heartwood is light brown to dark chocolate brown. Sapwood of walnut is creamy white to tan.
    Physical Properties: Walnut has good dimensional stability and medium to low shock-resistance.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1010

  • Northern Red Oak
  • A traditional wood flooring species with a porous textured open grain appearance.
    Color: Light pink to dark reddish brown.
    Physical Properties: A hard and dense wood with very good dimensional stability.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1290

  • American Beech
  • Uniform texture with a straight-grained modern appeal makes this species a popular choice for contemporary style homes.
    Color: The sapwood generally has a clean white colour, while the heartwood is light to dark brown.
    Physical Properties: Hard, strong, and resistant to shock.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1300

  • White Ash
  • A favorite for individuals who prefer a pronounced open-grain pattern similar to oak. White Ash can be stained to resemble oak if desired.
    Color: Sapwood is light creamy white; heartwood is light to dark brown.
    Physical Properties: Strong, heavy, hard and high in shock-resistance.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1320

  • White Oak
  • A very popular choice for wood flooring with a medium to coarse texture and an open grain appearance.
    Color: Sapwood is light-coloured and the heartwood is light to dark brown.
    Physical Properties: A heard and heavy wood with great wear-resistance.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1360

  • Hard Maple
  • A versatile species with a subtle grain pattern that suits almost every decor.
    Color: Famous for its ivory white sapwood and contrasting shades of brown heartwood.
    Physical Properties: Heavy, strong and stiff. Resists shock and marring.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1450

  • Hickory
  • Hickory has both coarse-textured and fine grain patterns combined.
    Color: A diverse combination of bright white sapwood (with hints of fine brown lines) and pale to rich reddish brown heartwood.
    Physical Properties: Extreamely tough and resilient, the hardest North American wood. A popular choice for high traffic applications.
    Janka Hardness Rating: 1820

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